Indiana (territory) -- Orange (county)

County Quick Reference

County Seat: Paoli

County Name: Named for Orange County, North Carolina.

Boundary Changes
(click on the name of a change to see more information)
01 FEB 18161257Created from Gibson, Knox, and Washington counties



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the area to put it in the context of history)

Orange County was formed on 01 February 1816 by An Act for the formation of a new County out of the Counties of Washington, Gibson and Knox [click here for more information]. The county's boundaries would not change before statehood.

The following map shows the original size of the county at its founding (in red with yellow border) superimposed on a modern map


Orange County in 1816


(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area; for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • History of Carter's Creek and Freedom Churches of Christ, Orange County, Indiana : From Original Church Books. Nashville, Tenn.: Reproduced by Gestetner Copier 2008RE, 1986.
  • History of Lawrence, Orange, and Washington counties, Indiana : from the earliest time to the present : together with interesting biographical sketches, reminiscences, notes, etc. Chicago : Goodspeed Bros. & Co., 1884
  • Orange County, Indiana ; History, Families : 175th Anniversary, 1816-1991. Commemorative ed. Paducah, Ky.: Turner Pub. Co., 1992.
  • Darnell, Susan and Indiana Historical Society. Index to County Commissioners Record, Orange County, Indiana : Volume I and Ii, 2012.
  • Davis, Wilma. H.M. Barbee Daybook 1845 : Orange County, Indiana. Paoli, IN: Orange County Genealogical Society.
  • Holmes, Marice, Paula Corpuz, Dorothy Lois Riker and Ruth Dorrel. Orange County, Indiana : Index of Names of Persons and of Firms. Indianapolis: County Historical Indexing Project Family History Section Indiana Historical Society, 1979.
  • Merritt, Grace Hufford. Complete Index to Names Found in the History of Orange County, Indiana. Paoli, Ind.: G.H. Merritt, 1964.
  • Paoli Business and Professional Womans Club. History of Orange County Indiana. Paoli, Ind.,: Stout's Print Shop, 1950.
  • Researchers (Firm). Biographical Sketches from Orange County, Indiana, History 1884. S.l.: Researchers.
  • Robbins, Coy D. Forgotten Hoosiers : African Heritage in Orange County, Indiana. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1994.
  • Wilkins, Sandra. Orange County, Indiana : Including Its History, the Paoli Historic District, the Indiana Railway. S.l.: Earth Eyes Travel Guides, 2012.
Related Content
(the links below contain information related to this area)

An Act for the formation of a new County out of the Counties of Washington, Gibson and Knox, 1815

BE it enacted by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That from and after the first day of February next, all that part of the counties of Washington, Gibson and Knox, which is included within the following boundaries, shall form and constitute a new county, which shall be known and designated, by the name and style of the County of Orange; that is to say. Beginning on the Indian boundary line, where the range line dividing ranges two and three west of the second principal meridian intersects said boundary line; thence south with said range line until it intersects the line dividing the counties of Perry and Gibson; thence east with said line until it intersects the western boundary line of Harrison county; thence north with said line to the south-west corner of Washington county, and north-west comer of Harrison county; thence east with the line dividing Harrison and Washington counties, until it intersects the line dividing sections sixteen and seventeen in range two east, town one south ; thence north with said line dividing sections sixteen and seventeen to the Indian boundary line ; thence westwardly with the said Indian boundary line to the place of beginning.


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