Territory Northwest of the River Ohio (territory) -- Fairfield (county)


County Quick Reference

County Seat: Lancaster

County Name: Named for the Fairfield area around Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Boundary Changes
(click on the name of a change to see more information)
09 DEC 1800804The county was created from Ross and Washington counties



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the county to put it in the context of history)

Fairfield County was created from land from Ross and Washington counties. The pictured borders were in place until 28 February 1803. The map below shows the historical borders on top of a current map.

Fairfield County in 1800


(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area;for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • Hannum's Atlas of Fairfield County, Ohio. Lancaster, Ohio: E.S. Hannum, 1866.
  • The Centenary of St. Mary's Church, Lancaster, Ohio, 1820-1920. Lancaster, Ohio: Eagle Job Print, 1920.
  • The Berne Township Schools of Fairfield County, Ohio. S.l.: s.n., 1925.
  • A Short Historical Record of Sugar Grove, Fairfield County, Ohio. S.l.: Bicentennial Committee, 1976.
  • Pleasant Hill United Methodist Church, 1815-1984. Fairfield County, Ohio: Bicentennial Committee, 1984.
  • St. Joseph Catholic Church, Sugar Grove, Ohio, 1892-1992. 1 vols. Galion, OH: United Church Directories, 1992.
  • St. Michael's United Church of Christ : 175 Years, 1817-1992. S.l.: The Printworks, 1992.
  • Catholic Heritage Celebration : 175th Anniversary of Catholicism in the Vicariate. Ohio: s.n., 1993.
  • St. Joseph Church, Sugar Grove, Ohio : An up-Date, 1985-1995, Largely in Scrap Book Form. S.O.S. Printing: Hilliard OH, 1995.
  • Trinity, from Reformed to United Church of Christ : 1845-1995, One Hundred and Fifty Years, Basil-Baltimore, Ohio. Baltimore, OH,, 1995.
  • Fairfield County Ohio : Celebrating 200 Years. Paducah, KY: Turner Pub. Co., 2001.
  • Ashbaugh, Lewis Eugene and Louis Ansel Duermyer. The Fairfield County, Ohio, Families Ashbaugh, Cherry, Davis, Leib. Washington, D.C.: L.A. Duermyer, 1945.
  • Barnes, Dwight T. and Lancaster Eagle-Gazette. Fairfield County Memories. Lancaster, OH: Lancaster Eagle-Gazette, 1994.
  • Bischoff, Richard, Fay Maxwell and Hervey Scott. Index to a Complete History of Fairfield County, Ohio, by Hervey Scott, 1795-1876, Seibert & Lilley, Columbus, Ohio, 1877. Columbus, Ohio: Maxwell Publications, 1976.
  • Bowman, Deanna Holcomb. Conrad and Other Fairfield County, Ohio Families. Rev. ed. Colorado Springs, Colo.: D.H. Bowman, 1995.
  • Bremen Historical Society. "Newsletter." v. Bremen, Ohio: The Society.
  • Brill, Harry E. Methodism in Pickerington, O., 1812-1905. Canal Winchester, Ohio: Gayman Pub., 1905.
  • Carmany, Harold G. "The History of the Evangelical Church in Fairfield County, Ohio." M.a., Ohio State University, 1938.
  • Carmean, Rose Stakely. Index to Catholic Record Society Bulletins : Index of Perry County, Hocking County, Fairfield County, Licking County, Morgan County. 2 vols., 1992.
  • Crites, Frank L. and Frank Csaszar. History of the Reformed Church of Stoutsville, Ohio. Ohio?: s.n.
  • Ebbert, Edward S., Lancaster (Ohio). Board of Trade. and Lancaster (Ohio). City Council. Lancaster and Fairfield County, Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio: G.A. Kraemer, 1901.
  • Everts, Louis H. Combination Atlas Map of Fairfield County, Ohio. microformMicrofilm. Chicago: L. H. Everts, 1875.
  • Fairfield Heritage Association. "Fairfield Heritage Quarterly." v. Lancaster, OH.: Fairfield Heritage Association.
  • Fifth Avenue Church of Christ (Lancaster Ohio). 100th Anniversary, Fifth Avenue Church of Christ, Lancaster, Ohio. Lancaster, OH,, 2000.
  • First Presbyterian Church (Lancaster Ohio). Proceedings of the Centennial Celebration of the First Presbyterian Church of Lancaster, Ohio, Held October 20th, 21st and 22nd, 1905. Lancaster, Ohio, 1905.
  • Fosnaugh, Sally, Virginia B. Robinson and Wayne L. Waggoner. Church Records of the Lutheran and Union Churches of the Amanda and Tarlton Parish. Rev. ed. Lancaster, Ohio: Fairfield County Chapter of Ohio Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • Foulk, Cheryl and Daryll Moravek. New Zion United Methodist Church Centennial History 1897-1997. Baltimore, OH: New Zion United Methodist Church, 1997.
  • Gobel, Irma B. "Index" Centennial History of Lancaster, Ohio and Lancaster Prople, 1898, by C.M.L. Wiseman. 1 vols. Roseville, Ohio: I.B. Gobel, 1968.
  • Gobel, Irma B. Index to Pioneer Period and Pioneer People of Fairfield County, Ohio by C.M.L. Wiseman, 1901. Roseville, Ohio (104 Summit St., Roseville): I.B. Gobel, 1978.
  • Gobel, Irma B. and Hervey Scott. Index, Names of Men and Women - History of Fairfield County. Roseville, Ohio?: Gobel.
  • Goslin, Charles R. Crossroads and Fence Corners : Historical Lore of Fairfield County. Lancaster, Ohio: Fairfield Heritage Association, 1976.
  • Graham, A. A. and Ephraim S. Colburn. History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio : Their Past and Present, Containing a Comprehensive History of Ohio ;a Complete History of Fairfield and Perry Counties ... Biographies and Histories of Pioneer Families, Etc., Etc. Chicago: W.H. Beers & Co., 1883.
  • Harmon, Worth. A History of Christ United Methodist Church, Baltimore, Ohio, 1928 to 1991. Baltimore, OH: Christ United Methodist Church, 1991.
  • Hummer, Ethel Headley. Genealogy of the Thomas Warner and Elizabeth Bibler Warner Family;Also, History of the Bibler Family of Rockingham County, Virginia and Later of Fairfield County, Ohio, Including Warner Notes Collected While Compiling. 2 vols. South Bend, Ind., 1948.
  • Kerr, Laura E. and Fairfield Heritage Association. Campfire to Courthouse : A History of Early Fairfield County, Ohio : The Indians, the Trace, the Settlement. S.l.: Fairfield Heritage Association?, 1981.
  • Kerr, Laura E. and Fairfield Heritage Association. Campfire to Courthouse : An Early History of Fairfield County, Ohio. Lancaster, Ohio?: Fairfield Heritage Association, 1981.
  • Lancaster Eagle-Gazette. Lancaster & Fairfield County : A Pictorial History. Vancouver, WA: Pediment Pub., 2003.
  • Maxwell, Fay. Index to History by G.M.L. Wiseman of Pioneer People and Pioneer Period of Fairfield County, Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Fay Maxwell, 1975.
  • Maxwell, Fay, Hervey Scott, C. M. L. Wiseman, Fay Maxwell, Fay Maxwell, Fay Maxwell, Fay Maxwell and Ohio Genealogy Center. Fairfield County, Ohio, Indexes of Hervey Scott's 1795-1876 History, C.M.L. Wiseman History, Lancaster Wills 1803-1865 (Books One, Two, Three) & 1806-1810 Taxpayers. Worthington, Ohio: Ohio Genealogy Center, 1976.
  • McNaghten, Tunis. History of the Mcnaghten Family. Columbus, Ohio: Hann & Adair Print. Co., 1912.
  • Miller, Charles C. History of Fairfield County, Ohio, and Representative Citrizens. Chicago, Ill.: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., 1912.
  • Miller, Carolynne L. Wendel. A Complete History of Fairfield County, Ohio. Index: Indiana State Library, 1952.
  • Miller, Carolynne L. Wendel, Hervey Scott and Indiana State Library. Genealogy Division. Index to "a Complete History of Fairfield County, Ohio" by Hervey Scott, 1877. Indianapolis, Ind.: Genealogy Division Indiana State Library, 1952.
  • Milligan, Fred J. William Milligan 1772-1841 : Pioneer Settler of the Northwest Territory and Fairfield County, Ohio. Westerville, OH: The author, 1994.
  • Mills Memorial United Methodist Church (Lancaster Ohio). The History of the Mills Memorial Methodist Church, 1898-1988. 1 vols. Lancaster, OH: The Church, 1988.
  • Ohio Genealogical Society. Fairfield County Chapter. Churchbook of the Evangelical Lutheran St. Paul's Congregation, 1836-1891, Berne Township, Fairfield County, Ohio. Lancaster, Ohio (P.O. Box 1470, Lancaster 43130-0570): Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society.
  • Ohio Genealogical Society. Fairfield County Chapter. Mt Zwingli German Reformed Church, 1840-1932 : Rushcreek Township, Fairfield County, Ohio. Lancaster, Ohio: Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • Ohio Genealogical Society. Fairfield County Chapter. Heidelberg Reformed Church : Church History and Registers I and Ii : Stoutsville, Clear Creek Township, Fairfield County, Ohio. Lancaster, Ohio: Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 2007.
  • Phillips, W. Louis, Georgia Cook Sharp and Charles W. Wagner. A History of Ream Cemetery, 1812-1972. Columbus, Ohio Lancaster, Ohio: W.L. Phillips;G.C. Sharp, 1973.
  • Povenmire, H. M., Charles R. Roberts, George F. Ditmar and Israel's Church (Clear Creek Township Ohio). History of Israel's Church (Evangelical Lutheran and German Reformed) : Clear Creek Township, Fairfield County, Ohio. Ohio?: H.M. Povenmire, 1923.
  • Ream, Solomon. A Genealogical History of the Ream Family in Fairfield County, Ohio. Cleveland, Ohio: Central Pub. House, 1908.
  • Ricketts, John T., Trygve R. Skarsten and Violet Township Bicentennial Celebration Commission. Violet Township through Two Hundred Years, 1808-2008. Pickerington, Ohio: Violet Township Bicentennial Celebration Commission, 2008.
  • Rush Creek Presbyterian Church (Fairfield County Ohio). Sesqui-Centennial Celebration of the Rush Creek Presbyterian Church : Sunday 16, 1956. S.l.: s.n., 1956.
  • S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. A Biographical Record of Fairfield County, Ohio, Illustrated. New York,: S. J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1902.
  • Sanderson, George. A Brief History : Early Settlement of Fairfield County, Being the Substance of a Lecture, Delivered before the Lancaster Literary Institute, with Additional Facts. Lancaster Ohio: T. Wetzler, 1851.
  • Saunders, Hollie Ann. Through My Eyes : A Look at the History of Lancaster from a Black Perspective. Reynoldsburg, Ohio: Ambassador Press, 2007.
  • Scott, Hervey. A Complete History of Fairfield County, Ohio : 1795-1876. Columbus, O., Siebert & Lilley, printers, 1877.
  • Shumaker, Edward Seitz, Amos Keller and Zarel Jones. Descendants of Henry Keller of York County, Pennsylvania and Fairfield County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Schumaker, 1924.
  • Smith, William Woodrow and Martin Woodrow Smith. An Album of Smith History : From Shelby County, Illinois and Fairfield County, Ohio. Opdyke, IL: Martin W. Smith, 1995.
  • Snider, Van A. Fairfield County in the World War. Lancaster, Ohio: Mallory Printing Co., 1926.
  • State Library of Ohio. Fairfield County Miscellanea. Columbus, Ohio: State Library of Ohio, 2003.
  • Stillwell, George F. St. Michael's United Church of Christ : Its People, 1993. Fairfield County, OH: s.n., 1993.
  • Swinehart, Carol F. Mills Memorial United Methodist Church : 100 Years of Ministry 1898-1998. Lancaster, OH: Mills Memorial United Methodist Church, 1998.
  • Turner, Herbert M. Fairfield County Remembered : The Early Years. Athens: Ohio University Special Publications, 1999.
  • Walnut Township Schools (Millersport Ohio). A History of Millersport and the Surrounding Area. Millersport, Ohio: Secretarial Practice Class, 1968.
  • Wiseman, C. M. L. Pioneer Period and Pioneer People of Fairfield County, Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Print. Co., 1901.
  • Wiseman, C. M. L. Centennial History of Lancaster, Ohio, and Lancaster People : 1898, the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Settlement of the Spot Where Lancaster Stands. Salem, Mass.: Higginson Book Co., 1997.


Related Content
(the links below contain information related to this area)


Fairfield County Proclamation, 1800

Beginning at a point in the east line of the fifteenth range of townships, and west of the fourteenth range, as surveyed in pursuance of the ordinance of congress of the 20th of May, 1795, where the said line intersects the south boundary line of the military land, and running from thence north, until it intersects the Indian boundary line;thence returning to the before-mentioned, and running south by the said range line between the fourteenth and fifteenth ranges, until it intersects the north boundary line of the Ohio company's purchase


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