Territory Northwest of the River Ohio (territory) -- Ross (county)


County Quick Reference

County Seat: Chillicothe

County Name: Named for Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania

Boundary Changes
(click on the name of a change to see more information)
20 AUG 17986,945Created from Adams, Hamilton, and Washington counties
09 DEC 18005,6351,310 square miles was lost to Fairfield County



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the county to put it in the context of history)

Ross County was formed on 20 August 1798 by proclamation of the Governor of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio [click here for more information]. By 1801, the county would go through one change to its boundaries before being incorporated into the State of Ohio.

The following map shows the original size of the county at its founding (in blue with a red border) and the final borders of the county after the boundary changes (in red with yellow border) superimposed on a modern map


Ross County in 1798 and 1800

(click on a year below to view information on the population of the Territory)


(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area;for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • Picturesque Chillicothe and Ross County, Ohio : Centennial Year 1896. S.l.: s.n., 1896.
  • Ross County Directory : 1938, 1939, 1940. Springfield, Ohio: Southwestern Ohio Publishing Co., 1940.
  • Walnut Street Methodist Church, Chillicothe, Ohio : Sesqui-Centennial Celebration 1950. Chillicothe, OH: the Church, 1950.
  • The Sesqui-Centennial Anniversary of the South Salem Presbyterian Church, 1802-1952. S. Salem, Ohio: S. Salem Pewabyterian Church, 1952.
  • A Short History of Frankfort, Ohio Ross County Series. Chillicothe, Ohio: Paint Creek Valley Press, 1962.
  • History of St. Paul's Parish, Chillicothe, Ohio Written for the Sesquicentennial Celebration of the Parish April 24, 1967. Chillicothe, Ohio: St Paul's, 1967.
  • 1969 Centennial St. Mary's Church. Chillicothe,Ohio, 1969.
  • Waugh Family of Litchfield, Connecticut, Ross County, Ohio, Henry County, Missouri. Lapeer, Mich.: J.D. Ellis, 1969.
  • History of the Salem Academy and a List of Most of the Academy Students. 1 vols. Greenfield, OH: the Letter Shop, 1998.
  • Adelphi, Colerain Twp. Sesquicentennial Celebration at Adelphi, Ohio, Oct. 1, 2, 3, 1954 : Memorializing Its Founders of 1804. S.l.: s.n., 2004.
  • Anderson, Wilby F. The Andersons Family History : First to Ross County, Ohio in Late 1790's. Clearwater, Fla.: W.F. Anderson, 1989.
  • Bennett, Henry Holcomb and Ross County Genealogical Society. The County of Ross : A History of Ross County, Ohio, from the Earliest Days, with Special Chapters on the Bench and Bar, Medical Profession [,] Educational Development, Industry and Agriculture and Biographical Sketches. Madison, Wis.: Selwyn A. Brant, 1902.
  • Bennett, Henry Holcomb and Ross County Genealogical Society. State Centennial History of the County of Ross : Plus a New Name Index and List of Soldiers & Organizations. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1981.
  • Bennett, Martha Trimble. Chillicothe Ohio's First Capital. Ohio.: Souvenir Program, 1946.
  • Bennett, Martha Trimble. Ohio's First Capital : An Outline History of Chillicothe and Ross County, Ohio. Chillicothe, Ohio: Fromm Printing, 1946.
  • Bowdle, John E. Walnut Street United Methodist Church : Two Hundred Years of Continuity 1800-2000. Chillicothe, OH: the Church, 2001.
  • Casari, Robert B. A Brief History of the Bowers Family of Ross County, Ohio. 1 vols. Rev. ed. Chillicothe, OH (6 Applewood Dr., Chillicothe 45601): R.B. Casari, 1982.
  • Casari, Robert B. A Brief History of the Tomlinson Family of Ross County, Ohio. rev. ed. Chillicothe, OH (6 Applewood Dr., Chillicothe 45601): R.B. Casari, 1985.
  • Casari, Robert B., Chillicothe-Ross County Bicentennial Commission. and Ross County Historical Society (Ohio). Chillicothe, Ohio, 1796-1996 : Ohio's First Capital. Chillicothe, Ohio: Chillicothe Bicentennial Commission assisted by the Ross County Historical Society, 1995.
  • Christensen, Anthony J. Clark Cousins : A Brief Family History Compilation Including Some of the Five Generation Descendants of John Owens Clark and His Wife Mary Blair of Bedford County, Pennsylvania, and Ross County, Ohio. 1st ed. Salem, Utah: A.J. Christensen, 2001.
  • Clark, Marie Taylor. Twin Township, Ross County, O., G.A.R. Members' Condensed Historical and Financial Ledger. Chillicothe, Ohio: M.T. Clark, 1971.
  • Clark, Marie Taylor and Isaac J. Finley. Index to Pioneer Record and Reminiscences of the Rearly [Sic] Settlers and Settlements of Ross County, Ohio, by Isaac J. Finley and Rufus Putnam. S.l.: Nathaniel Massie Chapter-Dar 4-087-OH.
  • Clark, Marie Taylor and Isaac J. Finley. Index to the Pioneer Record and Reminiscences of the Early Settlers and Settlement of Ross County, Ohio, by I.J. Finley. Chillicothe, Ohio,, 1970.
  • Cockerell, Harry. Tombstone Records Compiled by Harry Cockerell and Dave Webb During a Field Trip in Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio. S.l.: s.n., 1953.
  • Corcoran, David. The History of the Catholic Church in Ross County. Chillicothe, Ohio: D. Corcoran, 1955.
  • Crouse, David and Marie Taylor Clark. Crouse Chapel and Crouse Chapel Cemetery : History and Tombstone Inscriptions. Chillcothe, Ohio: M. T. Clark, 1935.
  • Crouse, David E. History of Kingston : And Rural Vicinity. Osborn, Ohio: Miami Valley Pub. Co., 1934.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Nathaniel Massie Chapter (Chillicothe Ohio) and Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County. Ross County, Ohio Marriage Records. microformMicrofiche. Fort Wayne, Ind.: Fort Wayne Public Library, 1975.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Ohio State Society. Ohio Family Records. 1 vols. Early Vital Records of Ohio / Daughters of the American Revolution. S.l.: s.n.
  • Dawson, Wayne E. The History and Ancestry of Rev. John Foster 1735 - 1800 : His Family, His Life, His Ancestry, Ross County, Ohio, Pike County, Ohio, Allegany County, Maryland, Bedford County, Pennsylvania, Prince George's County, Maryland Including the Ancestry of Basil Foster, Sarah (Foster) Athy. 1 vols. Revised 1 December 1985 ed. Clayton, California: W.E. Dawson, 1985.
  • Day, Williard G. and Newton H. Taylor. A Map of the District Burned by the Great Fire in Chillicothe, O., April 1, 1852 : With a Complete List of the Buildings Destroyed, and the Names of Owners and Occupants. 2nd ed. Chillicothe?: Published by Williard G. Day : Newton H. Taylor engraver and copper-plate printer, 1852.
  • Dolle, Genevieve M. Potts. Ross County, Ohio, Revolutionary Soldiers. Ohio: Mrs. P.A. Dolle, 1960.
  • Edgington, Carl W. Concord Presbyterian Church, 1805-1980. Ohio: s.n., 1980.
  • Entreken, William C. History of James Entrekin Family. S.l.: William C. Entreken, 2004.
  • Evans, Lyle S. A Standard History of Ross County, Ohio, an Authentic Narrative of the Past, with Particular Attention to the Modern Era in the Commercial, Industrial, Civic and Social Development. Volume I. Chicago,: Lewis Pub. Co., 1917.
  • Evans, Lyle S. A Standard History of Ross County, Ohio, an Authentic Narrative of the Past, with Particular Attention to the Modern Era in the Commercial, Industrial, Civic and Social Development. Volume II. Chicago,: Lewis Pub. Co., 1917.
  • Finley, Isaac J. and Indiana State Library. Genealogy Division. Index to Pioneer Record, Ross County, Ohio. Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana State Library Genealogy Division, 1957.
  • Finley, Isaac J. and Rufus Putnam. Pioneer Record and Reminiscences of the Early Settlers and Settlement of Ross County, Ohio. Cincinnati: Printed for the authors by R. Clarke & Co., 1871.
  • Frankfort and Concord Township History Book Committee. Frankfort and Concord Township History. Austin, Lattaville & Roxabel commemorative ed. Paducah, Ky.: Turner Pub. Co., 2002.
  • Frankfort High School (Frankfort Ohio). A History of Frankfort, Roxabell and Concord Township. S.l.: s.n., 1957.
  • Galloway, William Albert. Old Chillicothe;Shawnee and Pioneer History;Conflicts and Romances in the Northwest Territory. Xenia, O.,: Buckeye Press, 1934.
  • Gearhart, Myron F. and Sons of the American Revolution. Ohio State Society. Arthur St. Clair Chapter (Chillicothe Ohio). Revolutionary War Patriots of Ross County, Ohio. Chillicothe, Ohio: Sons of the American Revolution Arthur St. Clair Chapter, 2003.
  • Gough, Jocelyn. Chillicothe Ross County Heritage Guidebook. 4th ed. Chillicothe, Ohio: J.Gough Brookside Studio, 2003.
  • Gough, Jocelyn. First Capital, Chillicothe, Ross County Heritage Guidebook. Ohio Bicentennial ed. Chillicothe, Ohio?: J. Gough, 2003.
  • Gould, Hueston T. Illustrated Atlas of Ross County and Chillicothe, Ohio : From Surveys and Official Records. Columbus, Ohio: H.T. Gould, 1875.
  • Grabb, John R. St. Mary's Parish, 150 Years in Chillicothe, Ohio, 1837-1987. Chillicothe, Ohio (75 S. Paint St., Chillicothe 45601): St. Mary's Church, 1986.
  • Grabb, John R. A History of the Chillicothe and Other Ross County, Ohio, Post Offices, 1799-1987. Chillicothe, Ohio (206 Caldwell St., Chillicothe 45601): J.R. Grabb, 1987.
  • Grove, Bonita R. Paint Hill, 1804-1976. Ohio: s.n., 1976.
  • Historical Records Survey (Ohio). Inventory of the County Archives of Ohio. No. 71, Ross County (Chillicothe). Columbus, Ohio: The Survey, 1939.
  • Howe, Henry. Early History of Ross County. S.l.: s.n.
  • Howe, Henry. History of Ross County, Ohio, 1798-1889. Knightstown, Ind.: The Bookmark, 1980.
  • Johnson, Eric E. The Johnson Gathering : The Family History of Peter Johnson (C1720-C1796), Allegheny County, Pennsylvania : Great Grandson Noah Gillett Johnson (1838-1902), Ross County, Ohio. Avon Lake, OH: E.E. Johnson, 2001.
  • Kalfs, Barbara Bolmer and Eugene D. Rigney. Chronology Guide of Ross County History. Chillicothe, Ohio: s.n.
  • Knowles, Cheryl. Obituaries of Civil War Soldiers with Connections to Ross County, Ohio. Chillicothe, Ohio: C. Knowles, 2004.
  • May, Richard Holman and Godfrey Memorial Library. The Abraham Holman Family of Ross County, Ohio a Genealogy of Abraham and Leah Dresbach Holman, Their Ancestors and Descendants. Middletown, Conn.: Godfrey Memorial Library, 1959.
  • McKell, David McCandless and Ross county (Ohio) historical society. Ross County's Little Known Indian Years, 1752-1774. Chillicothe, O., 1942.
  • Medert, Patricia Fife. Stories from Chillicothe's Past. Chillicothe, OH?: the author, 1998.
  • Morgan, J. B. F. The Rise and Progress of the Deer Creek Settlement. Clarksburg, Ohio;Chillicothe, Ohio: Alumni Association of Clarksburg High School ;Ross County Genealogical Society, 1984.
  • Murray, Mitchell, Karl Truitt, Harold Poole, Herbert Hyer and Lee Nott. History of the Methodist Church, South Salem, Ohio. South Salem,: WSCS of the South Salem Methodist Church ;, 1959.
  • Pemberton, H. C. Revolutionary Soldiers, Ross County, Ohio. N.p.
  • Perkins, George and Ross County Genealogical Society. Pioneer Sketches : Life in the Northwest Territory and Ross County, Ohio, 1600s-1896. Chillicothe, OH: Ross County Genealogical Society, 1999.
  • Renick, L. W., Margaret Dixon Fullerton, Mary Probasco Nipgen and Ross County Genealogical Society. Che-Le-Co-The : Glimpses of Yesterday : A Souvenir of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Founding of Chillicothe, Ohio, April, 1896. Chillicothe, Ohio: Ross County Genealogical Society, 1998.
  • Richhart, Bettye Anderson. Richhart, Ritchhart, Ritschard : A Swiss-German Family from 1500 until 1993. North Richland Hills, Tex. (4016 Diamond Loch West, North Richland Hills 76180-8720): B.A. Richhart, 1993.
  • Rittinger, Martha Gerber. Overly/Rittinger Family History. Ross County, Ohio: M.G. Rittinger, 2004.
  • Rittinger, Martha Gerber and Springbank United Methodist Church (Yellowbud Ohio). History of Springbank and Yellowbud Community. Yellowbud, Ohio: Springbank United Methodist Church, 1999.
  • Ross County Genealogical Society. History of the Ross County Genealogical Society, Chapter of Ogs : 1993-1998. Chillicothe, Ohio: Ross County Genealogical Society, 1998.
  • Ross County Genealogical Society. and Daughters of the American Revolution. Nathaniel Massie Chapter (Chillicothe Ohio). Revolutionary War Veterans Remembered. Chillicothe, Ohio: The Society, 1977.
  • Ross County Historical Society (Ohio). "The Ross County Historical Society Recorder." v. Chillicothe, Ohio: Ross County Historical Society.
  • Salts, Walter. The Salts Genealogy the Family and Descendants of Thomas & Mary Salt(S), Who Were Living in Hampshire County, Virginia, Now West Virginia, in 1782, and Who Purchased Land in Ross County, Ohio, in 1814. West Lebanon, Ind.: s.n., 1978.
  • Slevin, Ruth M. Ross County, Ohio Will Records Books a B C D, 1797-1845. S.l.: s.n., 1975.
  • Smith, John A. Methodism in Ross County, Ohio. Ross County, Ohio?: Eudora Ruth Smith, 1961.
  • South Salem Presbyterian Church (South Salem Ohio). Centennial Anniversary of Salem Presbyterian Church, October 25th to 27th. South Salem, OH: s.n., 1903.
  • Southern Ohio Genealogical Society. History of the South Salem Presbyterian Church, Ross County, Ohio Many-Mini Record Series. Hillsboro, Ohio: Southern Ohio Genealogical Society, 1987.
  • St. Mary's Church (Chillicothe Ross County Ohio). St. Mary's Catholic Church : Celebrating 163 Years of Catholicism in Chillicothe, 1837-2000. Chillicothe, OH: the Church, 2000.
  • Storm, Harry O. A Short History of Peter and Barbary (Freshour) Storm and Their Descendants. S.l.: s.n., 1963.
  • Uhrig, Robert Edwin. History of One Room Schools Huntington Township Ross County, Ohio 1922-1942. Ohio?: Robert Edwin Uhrig, 2005.
  • Walnut Street Methodist Episcopal Church (Chillicothe Ross County Ohio). Centennial Jubilee Celebration. October 7th to 14th, 1900. Chillicothe,, 1900.
  • Williams Bros. History of Ross and Highland Counties, Ohio : With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches. Cleveland, Ohio: Williams Bros., 1880.
  • Williams, Samuel, Patricia Fife Medert and Sam Williams. The Memoirs of a Pioneer Family. Ohio: Ross County Historical Society, 2000.
  • Writers' Program (Ohio) and Ross County Northwest Territory Committee. Chillicothe and Ross County American guide series. Columbus, Ohio: Printed by F.J. Heer Print. Co., 1938.


Referenced Items
(content on HistoryKat that references this area)

Ross County Proclamation, 1798

Beginning at the forty-second mile tree, on the line of the original grant of land by the United States to the Ohio company, which line was run by Israel Ludlow, and running from thence west, until it shall intersect a line to be drawn due north from the mouth of Elk river, (commonly called Eagle creek) and from the point of intersection running north, to the southern boundary of the county of Wayne, and from thence easterly with the said boundary of Wayne


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