Territory Northwest of the River Ohio (territory) -- Knox (county)


County Quick Reference

County Seat: Vincennes

County Name: Named for Major General Henry Knox, United States Secretary of War

Boundary Changes
(click on the name of a change to see more information)
20 JUN 1790109,913Created from unorganized areas
15 AUG 179659,61050,303 square miles was lost to Wayne County
22 JUN 179856,1773,433 square miles was lost to Hamilton County
See Also:
Knox County, Territory of Indiana (1800-1816)



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the county to put it in the context of history)

Knox County was formed on 20 June 1790 by proclamation of the Governor of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio [click here for more information]. By 1800, the county would go through two changes to its boundaries before being incorporated into the Territory of Indiana. Click on a date in the table above to see a map of how the county looked on that date, as well as, the authority changing the boundary (if available).

The following map shows the original size of the county at its founding (in blue with a red border) and the final borders of the county after the boundary changes (in red with yellow border) superimposed on a modern map


Knox County in 1790 and 1798

(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area;for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • [Genealogical Information Concerning Several Early Families of Upper Indiana Presbyterian Church], 1970.
  • History of the Monroe City High School : Monroe City, Knox County, Indiana 1905-1967. S.l.: s.n., 1970.
  • Pea Family. 1 vols. Vincennes, Ind.?: s.n., 1978.
  • Adams, Elsie, Teresa Schultz, Mary Ward, Goodspeed Brothers. and Vincennes Historical and Antiquarian Society Vincennes Indiana. History of Knox and Daviess County, Indiana : From the Earliest Time to the Present, with Biographical Sketches, Reminiscences, Notes, Etc. Chicago,: Goodspeed Pub. Co. Unigraphic Inc., 1886.
  • Barekman, June Beverly. The Barrackman-Barkman-Barekman Family of Knox County, Indiana Researched from December 1959 through May 1961. microformMicrofiche. Chicago, Ill.: s.n., 1961.
  • Barekman, June Beverly. Knox County, Indiana, Early Land Records and Court Indexes, 1783-1815. 3 vols. Chicago: Genealogical Services and Publications, 1973.
  • Barekman, June Beverly and Robertalee Lent. Knox County, Indiana. 4 vols. N.p., 1966.
  • Batman, Maxine and Vincennes Historical and Antiquarian Society. Knox County History. 1st ed. Vincennes, Ind.: Vincennes Historical and Antiquarian Society in cooperation with Turner Pub. Co. Paducah Ky., 1988.
  • Black, Glenn A. and William Henry Harrison Trail Commission. The Location of Fort Knox, Knox County, Indiana : A Report Prepared for Mr. John Biel, Chairman, Harrison Trail Commission. Bloomington, Ind.?: s.n., 1959.
  • Brevport, Eliza Haddon McClure. Mcclelland-Harper, Settlers in the Wabash Valley, 1774-1954. Lawrenceville, Ill.: Bey Print. Office, 1955.
  • Butler, Jennie. The History of Trinity Church and Its Forerunners, Thorn Chapel, Thorn School and Barekman's Chapel. Vincennes, Ind.: J.O. Butler, 1969.
  • Coan, M. Jeanne and Mary R. Hribal. Abstracts of Wills Books a & B and Administrators Index of Knox County, Indiana, 1790-1879. Bruceville, Ind.: M.J. Coan, 1970.
  • Cook, Pam and Dwight Cook. Reitman History Continued. 1 vols. S.l.: P. & D. Cook?, 2006.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Francis Vigo Chapter (Vincennes Ind.). Family History of Families from Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia, Kentucky, Descendants in and near Vincennes (Knox County) Indiana, 1949.
  • Decker, Joy Thomas. Early Churches in Knox County, Indiana. S.l.: s.n., 1971.
  • Dennis, Elizabeth A. and Vincennes Sun-Commercial. Life Along the Wabash : A Pictorial History of Knox & Lawrence Counties, Volume Ii : Our Town. Evansville, Ind. (P.O. Box 6802, Evansville 47719-6802): M.T. Publishing Co., 2007.
  • Dresslar, Jim, Jeff Jaeger and Richard Day. John Small of Vincennes : Gunsmith on the Western Frontier. Perrysburg, Ohio: R.E. Davis Co., 2009.
  • Fritchton High School Alumni Association. A History of the Fritchton Schools of Palmyra Township, Knox County, Indiana. Ind.: Fritchton High School Alumni Association, 1972.
  • Greene, George E. History of Old Vincennes and Knox County, Indiana. Volume I. Chicago,: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1911.
  • Greene, George E. History of Old Vincennes and Knox County, Indiana. Volume II. Chicago,: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1911.
  • Griffing, B. N. and D.J. Lake & Company. An Iilustrated Historical Atlas of Knox County, Indiana : From Actual Surveys under the Direction of B.N. Griffing. Philadelphia: D.J. Lake, 1880.
  • Griffing, B. N. and F. C. Hardacre. Combined Atlases of Knox County, Ind.-1880-1903. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1977.
  • Hardacre, F. C. "Historical Atlas of Knox County, Ind. : Including Map of the United States, State of Indiana, Knox County, and the Townships Therein, Brief History of the State of Indiana, the County of Knox, and the City of Vincennes, Biographical Sketches of Patrons, and an Illustrated, Industrial Writeup of the City of Vincennes and Knox County." Vincennes, Ind.: F.C. Hardacre, 1903.
  • Hardacre, F. C., Northwest Territory Genealogical Society (Knox County Ind.), Vincennes Historical and Antiquarian Society. and D.J. Lake & Company. Knox County, Indiana Atlases, 1880 & 1903. Vincennes, Ind.: Ewing Printing, 2003.
  • Helderman, Anna. A Genealogy of the Helderman Family. 1 vols. Eureka, California?: A. Helderman, 1977.
  • Hulen, Carol. Index and Corrections to History of Knox County, Indiana, First Edition, 1988, Sponsored by Historical and Antiquarian Society, Vincennes, Indiana. Bicknell, Ind.: C. Hulen, 1989.
  • Indiana Church, Knox County Indiana. Minutes of the Session of the Indiana Church (Knox County, Indiana) Aug. 13, 1812 to March 6, 1842;Minutes of the Session of the Upper Indiana Church (Knox County, Indiana) March 6, 1842 to Sept. 7, 1873: n.p., 1965.
  • Indiana. Court of Common Pleas (Knox County), Indiana Historical Bureau. and Indiana Historical Records Survey. Common Pleas Court Minutes, Knox County, Indiana. 7 vols. Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940.
  • MacLean, John Patterson. Shakers of Eagle and Straight Creeks. Columbus, O.: F. J. Heer Printing Co., 1907.
  • McCoy, Isaac and Walter N. Wyeth. The Autobiography of Isaac Mccoy : Recounting His Early Life, Conversion, Marriage, and Ministry in Indiana 1784-1816. 1st ed. Missionary Series. Springfield, Mo.: Particular Baptist Press, 2011.
  • Minniear, Harry R. The Sanneman Family. Mt. Carmel, Ill.: H.R. Minniear, 2002.
  • Pielemeier, Dorothea. History of the Pielemeier Family. Wellesley, MA: MBM Publishers, 1978.
  • Powell, William D. and Wheatland High School Alumni Association. A History of the Wheatland Schools of Steen Township, Knox County, Indiana. Indiana?: Wheatland High School Alumni Association?, 1973.
  • Rinderle, Walter, Richard Day and Christian Educational Foundation (Vincennes Ind.). Two Hundred Years of Permanent Pastors and Catholic Education in Knox County, Indiana : 1792-1993. Vincennes, Indiana (210 Barnett Street, Vincennes 47501): Commissioned by the Christian Educational Foundation, 1993.
  • Shake, Curtis G. Maria Creek Baptist Church : Knox County, Indiana : Founded 1809, Abandoned 1947. Vincennes, Ind.?: s.n., 1958.
  • St. John's Lutheran Church (Vincennes Ind.), Werner Wadewitz and Lisette Madison. St. John's Lutheran Church Records. 3 vols. Vincennes, Ind.?: St. John's Lutheran Church?, 1984.
  • United States. Works Progress Administration. Indiana. and Indiana State Library. Knox County, Indiana, Index of Names of Persons and of Firms. Fort Wayne, IN: Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County, 1975.
  • Vincennes/Knox County Convention & Visitors Bureau. Indiana's First City, Vincennes, Knox County : Your Window-- to the Past!. Vincennes, Ind.: Vincennes/Knox County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2007.


Referenced Items
(content on HistoryKat that references this area)

Knox County Proclamation, 1790

Beginning at the standing Stone Forks of the Great Miami River, & down the said River to its Confluence with the Ohio River, thence with the Ohio River to the small Stream or Rivulet above Fort Massac—thence with the Eastern Boundary Line of St Clair County to the Mouth of the Little Michilmakinac, thence up the Illinois River to the Forks or Confluence of the Thekiki & Chikago, thence by a Line to be drawn due North to the Boundary Line of the Territory of the United States, & so far Easterly upon said Boundary Line, as that a due South Line may be drawn to the Place of Beginning— Should be a County by the Name & Style of the County of Knox

Alteration in the Boundary of Hamilton, Wayne, and Knox, 1798

The Western boundary of the County of Hamilton shall begin at the spot on the bank of the Ohio River where the general boundary line between the lands of the United States and the Indian Tribes, established at Greeneville on the third day of August 1795 so intersects the bank of that River & run with that general boundary line to Fort Recovery;and from thence by a line to be drawn due north from Fort Recovery until it intersects the Southern boundary line of the County of Wayne, and the said line from the Ohio to Fort Recovery and from thence to the southern boundary of the County of Wayne shall also be the eastern boundary of the County of Knox

Alteration of the Boundaries of Hamilton County, 1792

Whereas by the Ordinance of Congress of the thirteenth of July one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven for the Government of the Territory of the United States North west of the River Ohio It is directed that for the due Execution of Process civil and criminal the Governour shall make proper Division of the said Territory and proceed from Time to Time as Circumstances may require to lay out the Parts of the same where the Indian Titles shall have been extinguished into Counties and Townships


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