Illinois (territory) -- White (county)

County Quick Reference

County Seat: Carmi

County Name: Named for Captain Leonard White, a Gallatin County legislator.

Boundary Changes
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01 FEB 18161,441Created from Gallatin County



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the area to put it in the context of history)

White County was formed on 01 February 1816 by Territorial Law [click here for more information]. The county's boundaries remained unchanged before statehood.

The following map shows the original size of the county at its founding (in red with yellow border) superimposed on a modern map.

White County in 1818


(click on a year below to view information on the population of the area)


(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area; for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • Illustrated Atlas of White County, Illinois. Evansville, Ind.: Keller & Fuller, 1901.
  • White County, Ill. : Historical Highlights, 1816-1991 : A Tribute to a County and Her People, Past and Present. Carmi, Ill.: Carmi Times, 1992.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Illinois Society. White County, Illinois Marriages, 1816-1844. Mt. Carmel, Ill.: DAR Ill. Soc., 1966.
  • DeLap, Sam L. History of Mount Oval Cumberland Presbyterian Church [White County, Illinois] 1869-1969. Norris City? Ill.,, 1969.
  • Garrison, Vernon W. Name Index to History of White County, Illinois. Mt. Vernon, Ind.: Windmill Publications, 1992.
  • Hay, William D. and White County Historical Society (Ill.). " ... A Matter of History ..." : Old Times, Old People and Old Buildings, Newspaper Accounts of Nineteenth Century Life in Carmi and White County, Illinois. Carmi, Ill.: White County Historical Society, 1996.
  • Inter State Publishing Company. History of White County, Illinois Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages and Townships, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military and Political History ... And Biographies of Representative Citizens ; History of Illinois. Chicago: Inter-State, 1883.
  • Kiwanis Club (Carmi Ill.). White County, Illinois : History and Families. Limited ed. Carmi, Ill.: Carmi Kiwanis Club, 2001.
  • Phillips, Ivan. A History of the Little Village of Liberty (Burnt Prairie), Burnt Prairie Township, White County, Illinois and It's Early Establishment. Burnt Prairie, Ill?: I. Phillips, 1993.
  • White County Illinois Pictorial Book Committee. White County, Illinois : A Pictorial History. Morley, Mo.: Acclaim Press, 2007.
Related Content
(the links below contain information related to this area)

Census of Illinois Territory, 1818, White County

The census covers White county. The census includes name of county and for each household name of head of household, numbers of free white males twenty-one years of age or older, other white inhabitants, free Negroes and mulattoes, and servants and slaves.

An Act for the division of Gallatin County, 1815

Be it enacted by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of the Illinois Territory, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That all that tract of Country within the following boundaries, (to wit,) beginning at the mouth of the little Wabash running up the same to Joseph Boon's mill, thence due West to the third principal meredian, thence North to the South Best corner of Edwards County, thence with Edwards County line East to the Big Wabash, thence down the same to the beginning ; shall constitute a separate County to be called White ; and for the purpose of fixing the permanent seat of Justice for the said county the following persons be appointed commissioners (to wit,) James Ratliff, Benjamin White, Samuel Hay, Thomas E. Craig and Stephen Hog, which said commissioners or a majority of them being duly sworn before some Judge or Justice, of the Peace in this Territory to faithfully take into view the situation of the settlement, the geography of the county


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