Formation of Hamilton County, 1790


On the 2d of January35 His Excellency arrived at Fort Washington in the Purchase of Judge Symmes & on the 4th was pleased to order & direct that the whole of the Lands lying & being within the following Boundaries Viz: Beginning on the Bank of the Ohio River at the Confluence of the little Miami & down the said Ohio River to the Mouth of the big Miami & up said Miami to the standing Stone Forks or Branch of said River & thence with a Line to be drawn due East to the little Miami & down said little Miami River to the Place of Beginning should be a County by the Name & Style of the County of Hamilton36 And the same was accordingly laid off agreeably to the Form, Pages 14th & 15th of this Vol:—And on the same Day Commissions for the County Courts of Common Pleas & general Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said County were granted by the Governour agreeably to the Forms Pages 18th & 19th of this Vol:—And William Goforth, William Wells & William McMillan were appointed Judges of the Court of Common Pleas & Justices of the Court of general Quarter Sessions of the Peace—They were also appointed and Commissioned as Justices of the Peace & Quorum in said County, agreeably to Form Pages 17 & 18 of this Vol:—Jacob Topping, Benjamen Stites & John Stites Gano were also appointed & commissioned as Justices of the Peace of the County agreeably to the Form Pages 17 & 18 of this Vol:—John Brown Gentn was appointed and Commissioned as Sheriff during the Governour's Pleasure & agreeably to Form Page 21st of this Vol:—Israel Ludlow Esqr Prothonatary to the Court of Common Pleas And Clerk of the Court of general Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said County of Hamilton agreeably to Forms inserted in Pages 20th & 21st of this Vol:—His Excellency was also pleased to make the following military Appointments, Viz: Israel Ludlow, James Flin, John Stites Gano, and Gersham Gard, Captains—Francis Kennedy, John Ferris, Luke Foster & Brice Virgin Lieutenants, Scott Travers, Ephriam Kibbey, Elijah Stites37 and John Dunlap Ensigns—All in the first Regiment of Militia of the County of Hamilton, and they were commissioned accordingly, agreeably to the Form inserted in Pages 16thth & 17th of this Vol: Their Commissions bearing Date January 4th 179038


35The State Department copy contains the following heading to this section: "Copy From Journal of the Proceedings in the executive Department of Government in the Territory of the United States N.W. of the Ohio continued from Jany the 1st 1790 to June the 11th by Order of his Excellency Arthur St Clair And to the last of June (in the Absence of the Governour) under Direction of the Secretary Winthrop Sargent Secy"
36For later extension of boundaries, see entry of Feb. 11, 1792, post, p. 363;Downes, "Evolution of Ohio Co. Bounds.", Ohio Arch. and Hist. Quar., XXXVI, 347-350.
37Brother of Benjamin Stites (Bond, ed., Corr. J. C. Symmes, p. 26).
38See Harmar to the Secretary of War, Jan. 14, 1790, Memoirs Hist. Soc. Pa., VII, 448;the same to Richard Graham, Mar. 6, 1790, ibid., pp. 453-454.

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