An Act providing for taking the census of the inhabitants of the Illinois territory, and for other purposes, 1818


Be it enacted by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of the Illinois territory, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That there shall be appointed by the Governor, some fit person in each county within this territory, whose duty it shall be to take a list of all citizens, of all ages, sexes and colour, within their respective counties, particularly noting whether white or black, and also noting particularly free male inhabitants above the age of twenty-one years.

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That each commissioner before he enters on the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe, before some justice of of the peace, or judge of the county court, the following oath, or affirmation, viz : "I, A B, of the county of do solemnly swear, or affirm as the case may be, that I will well and truly make a just and perfect enumeration of all persons residents within the county of to the best of my ability, and return the same to the Secretary of the territory according to law. "

Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the said commissioners so appointed, shall commence on the first clay of April, and shall finish and make return to the secretary's office on or before the first day of June next ; and it shall be the duty of said commissioners to make the said enumeration, by actual enquiry at the dwelling house, or of the head of every family in their respective counties, and not otherwise.

Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said commissioners shall each receive as a full compensation for the above services, and for services hereinafter mentioned the following sums to-wit : the commissioner for the county of Bond, $40 ; St. Clair, $70 Madison, $70; Washington, $45; Monroe, $45; Randolph, $60; Jackson, $40; Johnson, $70 ; Union, $70 ; Gallatin, $70 ; White, $70 ; Edwards, $70 ; Crawford, $80 ; Franklin, $40 ; Pope, $40 ; to be paid out of their respective county treasuries.

Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the said commissioners shall observe the following form in taking the enumeration, viz.

Names of heads of families,

Free white males, twenty-one years and upwards,

All other white inhabitants,

Free people of colour,

Servants or slaves.

Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That every person whose usual place of abode shall be in any family on the aforesaid first day of April, shall be returned as of such family.

Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That each and every free person more than sixteen years of age, whether heads of families or not, belonging to any family within any of the counties in this territory, shall be and are hereby required to render to the said commissioners, if required, a true account, to the best of his or her knowledge, of all and every person belonging to said family respectively, on pain of forfeiting twenty dollars, to be sued for and recovered before any justice of the peace of the county, one half for the person suing for the same, the other half to the territory.

Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That if any commissioner having been appointed and qualified as such shall fail or refuse to perform the several duties required by this act, he so offending shall forfeit and pay the sum of two hundred dollars, one half to the use of the person suing for the same, and the other half to the use of the territory.

Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the commissioners to be appointed by virtue of this act, to take the census, in the several counties in this territory, shall at the same time take in a list of county and territorial taxes, from each and every person subject to taxation ; and do and perform all the duties heretofore required of county commissioners, in taking in a list of taxable property, and return a list of said taxable property so taken in, into the clerk's office of their respective counties according to law; any thing in any former law to the contrary notwithstanding.

This act to take effect and be in force from and after the passage thereof.

George Fisher,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Pierre Menard,

President of the Legislative Council.

Approved January 7, 1818,

Ninian Edwards

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